Enough 101: Who is Omar al-Bashir?

Editor’s Note: This post is a profile, intended to provide a contextual background for understanding the complex issues that the Enough Project works on. It is part of the series Enough 101.

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir is the current president of Sudan, who currently faces international charges of orchestrating genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in Sudan’s western region of Darfur.

Humanitarian Resources Stretched as Influx of Refugees from Blue Nile Arrive in South Sudan

Posted by Jenn Christian

JUBA, South Sudan -- Humanitarian aid groups working in South Sudan report that, in the last three weeks, over 35,000 refugees from the Sudanese state of Blue Nile have entered transit centers and over-stretched refugee camps in Upper Nile state. The first week of June alone saw an average of 4,000 people a day streaming across the North-South border into Upper Nile. This influx brings the total number of refugees in the South Sudanese state of Upper Nile to 105,000, a staggering number that exceeds the capacity of the state’s two existing refugee camps, Jammam and Doro.

Sudan Envoys Past and Present Weigh In on Conflict, Talks between Two Sudans

Posted by Annette LaRocco

Against the backdrop of a new round of talks between Sudan and South Sudan in Addis Ababa, the Carnegie Endowment in Washington, D.C., held an event last week examining the many obstacles to peace between the two countries, with a focus on how the international community should engage. The speakers were well placed to offer tangible recommendations; in particular, it was an insightful opportunity to hear from U.S. special envoy to Sudan Ambassador Princeton Lyman about what he thinks are hampering the ongoing negotiations between Khartoum and Juba.

Nuba Mountains Journal: The War through a Doctor’s Eyes

Editor’s Note: This is a guest post by Dr. C. Louis Perrinjaquet M.D., MPH, who volunteered for a month last year in the embattled Nuba Mountains of Sudan. In this blog post he reflectes on the experience and shared excerpts from the travel journal that was recently returned to him.

It is a strange new phenomenon to watch the conflict in Sudan’s Nuba Mountains unfold in near real-time reporting by satellite, Skype, and email, to see military buildup with new roads leading into civilian areas, evidence of indiscriminate bombing, even a captured Sudanese Armed Forces’ drone showing GPS data of civilian populations used to direct the Antonovs bombing them.  

Food Insecurity in Sudan at Crisis Levels

The recent fighting along the border of Sudan and South Sudan has sparked even further food insecurity in the region. According to a report by the Famine Early Warning System Network, or FEWSNET, this month that covers and projects for the period from April to September, the size of the food insecure population in Sudan has increased to 4.7 million people due to escalated conflict and reduced access to food. Food insecurity is of the greatest concern in areas controlled by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North, or SPLM-N, in the border state of South Kordofan, where approximately 200,000-250,000 people face “Crisis” to “Emergency” levels.

Sudan Troops Withdraw from Abyei but Ambiguous ‘Police’ Remain

AGOK, South Sudan – Just over a year after Sudan government forces invaded the disputed border area of Abyei, the Enough Project has confirmed through several sources that Khartoum has pulled out the remaining Sudan Armed Forces, or SAF, from the region. The government of Sudan has, however, left in place an unconfirmed number of Sudan government police, which actors on the ground suspect may, in fact, be SAF personnel in police uniform.

Sudan and South Sudan: The Safe Demilitarized Border Zone Explained

Posted by Quinn Libson

On June 7, yet another round of negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan ended. These most recent talks centered around the establishment of the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone, or SDBZ, a border security measure to which both sides consented in a June 2011 agreement on border security.

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