Sudan Forces Bomb South Sudan; Negotiations Stall

Posted by Nenad Marinkovic

Escalation: Evidence of SAF and SPLA Combat Operations (Report)

Escalation: Evidence of SAF and SPLA Combat Operations

The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has confirmed through the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s analysis of DigitalGlobe satellite imagery that Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) have deployed a significantly increased number of combat capable air assets within range of South Sudan’s border and territory. SSP has documented evidence consistent with reported aerial bombardment in close proximity to a strategic bridge located in Unity State, South Sudan. SAF spokesman al-Sawarmi Khaled Saad denied Sudan’s involvement in the bombings. "We’re just defending our land, and we have nothing to do with what’s happening in Unity state," he said on 16 April 2012.[1]

Sources & Related Media: 


  1. Ferrie, Jared and Salam El Wardany. "South Sudan Says Sudan Bombs Hit 2 Towns, UN Camp." Bloomberg. 16 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:
  2. The Military Balance 2012. International Institute for Strategic Studies. Routledge: London, 2012. Available online 7 March 2012: 112:1, 411-462.
  3. Onyiego, Michael. "Sudan’s frontline: Dead bodies, circling Antonovs." AP. 17 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:
  4. Kuich, Bonifacio Taban. "South Sudan: SAF Bombing Raids On Unity State Kills Civilians - Juba." Sudan Tribune. 14 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:
  5. "Sudan warplanes launch first attack on South Sudan town." AFP. 12 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:
  6. Onyiego, Michael. "Sudan’s frontline: Dead bodies, circling Antonvs." AP. 17 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:
  7. Boswell, Alan. "The War Between the Sudans: No Longer Any Pretense of Peace." TIME. 18 Apr 2012. Retrieved from:,8599,2112356,00.html?xid=gonewsedit
  8. Convention (IV) respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and its annex: Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land. The Hague, 18 October 1907. Retrieved from:
  9. Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949. Retrieved from:

Pipeline: Evidence of the Destruction of Key Oil Infrastructure, Heglig (Report)

Pipeline: Evidence of Destruction of Key Oil Infrastructure, Heglig

The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP), through the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s analysis of DigitalGlobe satellite imagery captured 15 April 2012, has found evidence of the destruction of key oil pipeline infrastructure in Heglig, South Kordofan, Sudan. SSP has also found cratering consistent with bombardment of some form visible in close proximity to nearby oil pipeline and oil production facilities. SSP cannot make a determination based on the evidence currently available as to either who destroyed the object consistent with an oil collection manifold or the precise date it was destroyed. SSP also cannot conclude whether the apparent manifold’s destruction was the result of aerial bombardment or ground action.

Satellites Reveal Destruction of Key Pipeline Infrastructure in Disputed Heglig Oil Field Between the Sudans

WASHINGTON – The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has published new imagery indicating that as Sudan and South Sudan clashed over an oil field near the disputed border town of Heglig, a key part of the pipeline infrastructure was destroyed. The damage appears to be so severe, and in such a critical part of the oil infrastructure, that it would likely stop oil flow in the area, according to SSP.

South Sudan Says Army Will Withdraw from Disputed Heglig Oil Site

JUBA, South Sudan – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir announced in a press statement released Friday afternoon that southern forces would unconditionally withdraw from Heglig—10 days after seizing the disputed oil-rich region from Sudan forces—in a gesture that is likely aimed primarily at restoring South Sudan’s declining image before the international community.

Sudan, South Sudan Armies Gearing Up for a Bigger Fight Along Their Long Border?

JUBA, South Sudan – Since the re-taking of the disputed area of Heglig by the South Sudan army last Monday, a move that has dramatically escalated hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan, the military situation has been marked by flare-ups along the North-South border and constant bombings of South Sudan by Sudan. Sudan first lost control of the strategic oil site in late March, when South Sudan forces took control of the region—in what southern officials said was a defensive move—and withdrew. The South once again described return to Heglig last week as a self-defensive move. In both instances, both sides have blamed the other for instigating the violence.

A Crucial Question as Conflict Escalates Between Sudan and South Sudan: Where is Heglig?

Editor’s Note: International confusion and ignorance in answering this question about Sudanese geography has become one of the greatest threats to peace, and the negotiations required for peace to be sustained, writes Sudan specialist Eric Reeves. This piece is cross-posted from

The Crisis in the Sudans: The Urgency of U.S.-China Cooperation

This op-ed, co-authored by John Prendergast and George Clooney, originally appeared on

U.N. and A.U. React to Sudan-South Sudan Border Conflict

Posted by Jenn Christian

On April 12, U.N. Security Council and the A.U. Peace and Security Council issued statements about the rising conflict between Sudan and South Sudan yesterday, with the U.N. demanding and the A.U. calling on both countries to immediately to deescalate conflict along their ill-defined international border, including the South withdrawing from Heglig and the Sudan Armed Forces, or SAF, ceasing aerial bombardments in South Sudan. The two statements also called for the immediate implementation of prior agreements concerning the border and a return to the AUHIP-facilitated negotiation process.

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