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Launch Point: Corroboration of Reported SAF Air Attacks in South Sudan
The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has identified through Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s analysis of DigitalGlobe satellite imagery the presence of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) aircraft at El Obeid airbase, North Kordofan, including two Antonov AN-26 transport planes. These planes are consistent with aircraft which allegedly bombed two refugee camps on 8 and 10 November 2011 in South Sudan, according to eyewitnesses. The other aircraft present at the base as of 14 November 2011 are consistent with the following: Four Mi-24 Hinds, one Mi-17 Hip, one Yak-40, two MiG-29s and one Sukhoi Su-25.*
The Antonov AN-26 has a potential operational range of approximately 1100 km/683.5m and an operational radius of 550 km/341.7 m. Yida camp in Unity State, South Sudan is 345 km/215 m from El Obeid; and Guffa camp in Upper Nile, South Sudan is 455 km/282 m. Both recently attacked refugee camps in South Sudan are within flying range of the AN-26 Antonovs present at El Obeid airbase.
*Correction: In the original SSP report of 15 November 2011, two MiG-29s were erroneously identified as Nanchang-Q5s. The corrected range map, figures, and text appear here.