Our Reports

January 10, 2011

By Mayank Bubna
Enough Project Field Researcher, Juba

BENTIU, Southern Sudan – Southerners talking about why they want independence from the North in the historic referendum often lace their statements with illusions to bondage, religious repression, and racism. So it’s easy to see the South’s expected vote for separation as a wholesale rejection of the North. But in day-to-day life in southern Sudan’s Unity state capital, northerners and southerners work alongside each other and share common values and mutual respect.

January 07, 2011

Five years after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, South Sudan’s referendum is set to begin as scheduled this Sunday. President Omar al-Bashir has publicly pledged to accept an outcome of secession as an array of internationals flock to Sudan to witness the vote. But, Sudanese acceptance of a likely vote for secession is by no means guaranteed and much remains to be accomplished on the post-referendum front, including the contentious issue of Abyei.

January 06, 2011

By Mayank Bubna
Enough Project Field Researcher, Juba

Beneath the euphoria demonstrated by street dancers and singers on the streets of Bentiu, the capital of Unity state, lurks the fear that peace may be disrupted as the polling day for the referendum draws near.  This field dispatch, which is the second of two focusing on the destabilizing factors that exist within Unity state, examines the fears that remain of renewed attacks by SPLA breakaway officer Gatlauk Gai.

January 04, 2011

By Mayank Bubna

Enough Project Field Researcher, Juba

As South Sudan rapidly approaches the referendum which will decide whether it remains with the North or becomes its own state, issues of insecurity and outbreaks of violence continue to plague the regions bordering the proposed North-South divide. This is the first of two field dispatches examining ongoing developments that threaten to destabilize Unity State, arguably one of the most strategic areas of South Sudan.

December 21, 2010

With voter registration complete and less than a month before voting is set to begin, referendum preparations and negotiations for post-referendum arrangements continue in Sudan. Tensions continue to run high, with an increasing number of returnees, violence along the border, and a failure to reach an agreement on Abyei. In Darfur, renewed fighting continues to imperil civilians despite some progress at the negotiations in Doha.

December 16, 2010

KIIR ADEM, Southern Sudan -- Aerial bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces of a South Sudanese army installation and surrounding community conjure up memories of Sudan’s long civil war and underscore the fragility of peace, especially along the country’s long, contested border.

December 09, 2010

With less than a month to go, the government of South Sudan holds tightly to its referendum timeline for the South while the referendum for Abyei falls by the wayside, necessitating an alternative deal. Although the parties appear to be inflexible in their positions, a small amount of progress was made recently when the vice presidents of north and south Sudan signed an agreement on the protection of oil fields. Meanwhile, Darfur peace negotiations appear stalled as the government’s erstwhile partner, Minni Minnawi, abandons the 2006 Darfur Peace Agreement. 

November 29, 2010

Five years after facilitating the signing of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement, or SPLM/A, the U.S. government is once again engaging with the two Sudanese parties to prevent renewed conflict in Sudan. As part of Enough’s ongoing desire to present multiple perspectives on peace in Sudan, former State Department official Jeff Millington offers a retrospective look at the strategy pursued by the U.S. government from the late 1990s to 2005 that produced the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

November 17, 2010

Sudan returned to the international limelight with a ministerial meeting at the U.N. Security Council chaired by the United Kingdom and attended by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. This high-level meeting coincided with the commencement of voter registration for the southern referendum, and the appearance of some progress on negotiations between the North and South, despite continued deadlock on Abyei and other issues.

November 08, 2010

What would easily be the world’s deadliest war in 2011 could erupt in Sudan around the coming January 9 referenda on self-determination for oil-rich Southern Sudan and Abyei.

But this doesn’t have to happen. War is not inevitable.