From the Frontline: Fighting between the Two Sudans Continues as SAF Launches Attack against SPLA in Unity State

Posted by Nenad Marinkovic

BENTIU, South Sudan – On April 29, the 4th division of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, or SPLA, operating around Panakuac—a South Sudanese town in northern Unity state, located about 23 kilometers away from Heglig where SPLA troops recently withdrew—came under attack from Sudan Armed Forces, or SAF.  I, along with a group of international journalists embedded within the 4th division, was caught in the crossfire.  

The following CNN video documents the attack:

New Timeline: Hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan - A Chronology of Recent Events

Posted by Edward Ford

In recent days the renewed hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan have caught the world’s attention. However, the back-and-forth between the two countries has often been difficult to follow. In light of this, the Enough Project has produced a new timeline to chronicle the often confusing events along the border and in the negotiating room.

The timeline details major events since the signing of the non-aggression pact in February to the recent bombings in and around the Unity state capital of Bentiu.

Enough Project Briefs House Members on Recent Developments in Sudan

Posted by Annie Callaway

GlobalPost Oped: Sudan Faces New Charges of War Crimes

Posted by John Bradshaw

Editor's Note: This oped co-authored with Mark H. Tuohey, a partner at the Washington, D.C., office of Brown Rudnick LLP, originally appeared on GlobalPost.

Thousands of innocent civilians are living in caves in Sudan’s Nuba Mountains, hiding from government bombs and on the brink of starvation. Hundreds of thousands are stranded in refugee camps in South Sudan or Ethiopia.

Reports: Satellites Show Buildup of Sudan Military Strike Aircraft in Range of South Sudan, Damage to Oil Infrastructure

The Satellite Sentinel Project, or SSP, released two new reports, documenting the latest developments in the conflict raging on the border between Sudan and South Sudan.

The conflict has become increasingly violent since the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, or SPLA, advanced on Heglig on April 9. Heglig (known as Panthou to the South Sudanese) is a disputed territory, with both nations claiming that it is within their borders. The area provides an estimated half of Sudan’s oil resources, making it an economically critical location.

Sudan Forces Bomb South Sudan; Negotiations Stall

Posted by Nenad Marinkovic

South Sudan Says Army Will Withdraw from Disputed Heglig Oil Site

JUBA, South Sudan – South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir announced in a press statement released Friday afternoon that southern forces would unconditionally withdraw from Heglig—10 days after seizing the disputed oil-rich region from Sudan forces—in a gesture that is likely aimed primarily at restoring South Sudan’s declining image before the international community.

Sudan, South Sudan Armies Gearing Up for a Bigger Fight Along Their Long Border?

JUBA, South Sudan – Since the re-taking of the disputed area of Heglig by the South Sudan army last Monday, a move that has dramatically escalated hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan, the military situation has been marked by flare-ups along the North-South border and constant bombings of South Sudan by Sudan. Sudan first lost control of the strategic oil site in late March, when South Sudan forces took control of the region—in what southern officials said was a defensive move—and withdrew. The South once again described return to Heglig last week as a self-defensive move. In both instances, both sides have blamed the other for instigating the violence.

A Crucial Question as Conflict Escalates Between Sudan and South Sudan: Where is Heglig?

Editor’s Note: International confusion and ignorance in answering this question about Sudanese geography has become one of the greatest threats to peace, and the negotiations required for peace to be sustained, writes Sudan specialist Eric Reeves. This piece is cross-posted from

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